PLEASE WATCH! This is a video about the cancer industry….
To anyone who knows/knew someone with cancer, has cancer, had cancer, wants to not get cancer….or just wants to open their eyes to the reality of the cancer industry, this is a must see!
A new study has found evidence that brain tumours use fat as their preferred source of energy, bringing into question the decades-long assumption that sugar is their main fuel source.
If confirmed, this could fundamentally change the we treat cancer in the future, because until very recently, scientists have been focussing their efforts on ways to starve cancer cells of their sugar supply.
“For 60 years, we have believed all tumours rely on sugars for their energy source, and the brain relies on sugars for its energy source, so you certainly would think brain tumours would,” lead researcher Elizabeth Stoll, a neuroscientist from Newcastle University in the UK, told Ian Johnston at The Independent.
A glioma is a type of brain tumour that grows from glial cells – cells that support the neurons and help maintain the blood-brain barrier. Glial cells make up 90 percent of the brain’s total cells, and until recently have been shrouded in mystery.
There are three types of glial tumours – astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, and glioblastoma – and they can be notoriously difficult to treat. Glioblastomas are the most common and most aggressive form, with just 30 percent of patients in the US living to more than two years after diagnosis.
A new target for treatments could make a huge difference, with Stoll and her team finding that when they inhibited the tumour cell’s ability to process fat as fuel, their growth rate slowed significantly, which equates to a better survival rate.
The team worked with human tumour tissue that had been donated by glioma patients undergoing surgery, and live mouse models of the disease, and treated them with a fatty acid oxidation inhibitor called etomoxir.
“We tested etomoxir in our animal model, and showed that systemic doses of this drug slow glioma growth, prolonging median survival time by 17 percent,” Stoll said in a press statement. “These results provide a novel drug target which could aid in the clinical treatment of this disease for patients in the future.”
The idea of cancer growth being fuelled by glucose – a simple sugar that healthy cells also break down to use as an energy source – has been around since at least the 1950s, when Nobel Prize-winning German scientist Otto Warburg observed that tumours primarily metabolised glucose in order to grow.
This process, known as the Warburg effect, and is now estimated to occur in up to 80 percent of cancers.
“It is so fundamental to most cancers that a positron emission tomography (PET) scan, which has emerged as an important tool in the staging and diagnosis of cancer, works simply by revealing the places in the body where cells are consuming extra glucose,” Sam Apple reports for The New York Times.
With so many cancers appearing to reply on glucose first and foremost for their growth, and healthy brain cells themselves also relying on sugar to keep functioning, it was only natural for scientists to assume that cancer cells in the brain would follow suit.
This perception was also perpetuated by the way scientists treat tissue samples in the lab.
As Stoll explained to The Independent, it’s common for researchers to extract brain tumour cells from patients and put them into blood to culture them in the lab. But the simple act of placing these cells into a medium where sugar is more abundant than fat appears to change them, prompting them to switch fuel sources and use sugar because they’re starved of fat.
Stoll’s team avoided this complication by culturing their mouse and human tumour cells in serum-free conditions.
“What we have always needed to do is put the cells in [blood] serum. It’s a trick to get the cells to grow in culture,” she said. “If you take malignant brain tumours and expose them to blood serum, it changes them. Then they switch quite easily.”
We should make it clear that Stoll’s discovery has so far only been made in animal models and extracted human brain tumour cells, so until the team can demonstrate similar effects from the drug etomoxir in human trials, we can’t jump to any conclusions.
The researchers also say they’re not ready to make any assumptions about how our diets could be implicated in the fat versus sugar debate at this stage.
But any new target for cancer research is something to be cautiously optimistic about, because if anything is going to allow us to finally beat the enigma that is cancer, it’s going to be a better understanding of what fuels its relentless growth.
The results have been published in Neuro-Oncology.
Examines the profound claim that most, if not all, of the degenerative diseases that afflict us can be controlled, or even reversed, by rejecting our present menu of animal-based and processed foods…
WATCH FREE HERE:
No ailment or symptom is too small when it comes to our children, especially when you consider that some of them may be subtle warning signs of cancer. Early detection could mean saving a child’s life and this begins with knowing the common signs of malignancy or the presence of cancer. Here are the cancer signs in children that you should not overlook. (From theAsianparent)
Children may get nosebleeds due to their thin blood vessels at the front portion of their nose, which will gradually thicken after puberty.But if a child experiences frequent nosebleeds up to four or five times a month, this might be a red flag for cancer.According to National University Hospital in Singapore, frequent and persistent nosebleeds are a symptom of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL), which is the most common type of cancer seen in children.
Kids are active and may get the occasional cut here and there when playing sports or other vigorous activities.But another symptom to watch out for are sores that don’t seem to heal and persist. The sores can be on any part of the body which are difficult to heal, such as sores on the skin, penis, vagina, or oral cavity. These should be dealt with promptly and should not be overlooked.
Painless, enlarged lymph nodes could be a sign of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. Lymphoma is caused by tumours that start in the lymph glands and the symptoms include swelling in the neck, armpit, groin, chest and abdomen – all regions where the lymph glands are located.Lymph nodes which are close to the surface of the body – such as on the sides of the neck, in the groin, armpits, or above the collar bone – can be easily seen or felt as lumps under the skin.
If a child is losing weight without trying or without any changes in diet or exercise, parents should definitely schedule a doctor’s appointment.Children can lose weight if they are not consuming enough calories, or are burning more calories than usual, but when they start to lose a lot of weight quickly, it could be a sign of an underlying illness, including cancer, according to medical experts.
Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing is a serious symptom in children which warrants a visit to the doctor’s office or the emergency room.Shortness of breath may be one of the cancer signs in children that you might overlook. According to the National University Cancer Institute, Singapore, shortness of breath could be a sign of childhood leukaemia, which accounts for almost 40% of all childhood cancers in Singapore.
Another sign of cancer is the presence of a mass, usually in the abdomen or extremities.KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital states that swelling in the abdomen could be indicative of Wilms’ tumour, a kidney cancer that occurs in very young children.
Pay attention if you notice that your child is behaving unusually, as this could be a sign that something isn’t right.According to the Children’s Medical Institute of the National University Hospital, this could be a sign of cancer, along with changes in personality and school performance.
Persistent headaches could also be a sign of a tumour in the brain, according to the National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS). This is typically caused by an increased pressure in the skull that is caused by the mass, as the skull is a bony structure which cannot expand.
A child may be vomiting due to various reasons, such as food poisoning, severe cough or cold, or the stomach flu.But cancer that affects the brain can also cause vomiting, says the NCCS. If your child is frequently nauseous and has trouble holding in his food or water intake, it could be more than just a stomach bug and you should get it checked out immediately.
The NCCS adds vision problems such as blurring, double vision or loss of vision as a possible indicator of a brain tumour. If your child is showing signs of difficulty in sight, it may be time to consult with a specialist to rule out the possibility of cancer.
According to Parkway Cancer Centre, among the list of cancer signs in children are seizures, specifically those that are not related to or caused by high fevers. These, too, could be symptoms of a brain tumour.Seizures can also be due to a fever, lack of oxygen, head trauma or other illnesses, so it’s best to seek medical advice to determine the cause.
The National Cancer Institute, Singapore adds bone pain to the list of cancer signs in children, sometimes even causing a limp.More specifically, this could be indicative of Neuroblastoma, a cancerous tumor that commonly occurs in the adrenal gland.It is a malignant solid tumour which produces swelling or pain and the symptoms may vary depending on the location of the tumour.
The Health Promotion Board mentions that persistent fatigue and weakness are common symptoms of Lymphoma, which is a group of cancers of the lymphatic system.Tests that need to be done to diagnose this include: Physical exam, blood test, biopsy of the swelling, bone marrow aspiration, X-rays, CT or MRI scans.
If your child has a recurrent and unexplainable fever, this could be a sign of cancer, or specifically Leukaemia, according to KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (KKH).Leukaemia is the most common type of cancer seen in children which occurs when the marrow overproduces immature white blood cells.
Wilm’s tumour, which is a cancer that occurs in the kidney, may cause a child to pass blood in his urine, according to KKH.This rare type of cancer mainly affects children and is usually found in just one kidney, although occasionally it may affect both kidneys.
For 10 long years, well-known Japanese doctor and medical pioneer Toshiki Fukutsudzi fought to develop a method to prevents bad posture. She became famous in her homeland, gaining widespread attention after publishing her book on how to overcome bad posture, combat back problems and strengthen one’s abdominal muscles. Her best-selling book has sold over six million copies throughout Asia.
Dr. Fukutsudzi specializes in treating patients with problems in their pelvic bone and her method is also said to reduce fat around the waist.
I always take these kinds of “treatments” with a grain of salt, careful not to take them too seriously. This method however has gained such popularity that I cannot help but feel tempted to at the least try it out.
Obviously, for serious or extended back issues, I would say, see your doctor. But otherwise, why not give this a shot? After all, it’s extremely easy and only takes 5 minutes.
Here’s how it works:
Roll an ordinary towel to form a thick and stable “sausage”. Wrap it with some tape or string so that it stays put. Lay down on your back on a flat and hard surface – beds and couches are too soft. Place the towel at the height of your navel, where your spine begins to curve.
Once you’re in the correct position, place your feet shoulder-width apart, with your toes pointing inward toward each other. Stretch your arms above your head, palms down, with your pinkies touching. Lay still in this position for 5 minutes. The exercise may feel a bit painful at first, but try to hold for 5 minutes — it does get easier every time you do it.
For best results, repeat the exercise 3 times a day for a few weeks.
The method may strike you as too simple to actually produce results, but as I said, I think you have nothing to lose, so feel free to experiment. I know in any case that I will! Please share the method with your friends if you know someone who suffers from back problems.